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27 March 2018 | Professionally Speaking T R A N S I T I O N T O T E A C H I N G BY FRANK McINTYRE T he latest Transition to Teaching survey shows that the much reduced numbers of teachers licensed in Ontario in 2016 resulted in a significantly lower unemployment rate than first- year teachers in earlier years. Teachers who are now two to five years into their careers also report much better job outcomes than before. Our annual poll of early-career teachers shows the unemployment rate among Ontario graduates in the first year after licensing dropped from 38 per cent in 2013 to 14 per cent in 2017. Similarly, average unemploy- ment among graduates in their second through fifth years tumbled from 21 per cent in 2014 to just seven per cent in 2017. Despite these substantial improvements over the past few years, 2017 unemployment rates are still above the negligible unemployment reported back in 2006. How has this shifting job market come about? From 20 03 to 2013, newly licensed teachers in Ontario numbered an average of about 6,60 0 more each year than the annual number of teacher retirements in the province. This led to an increasingly crowded early- career teacher job market and growing unemployment each year until 2013. With decreasing numbers of entrants thereafter, and the sharp reduction in newly licensed teachers in 2016, fewer teachers entered the market than teacher retirements in recent years, easing the market overcrowding. The years ahead will bring a near balance of new teachers and retirements. our 2017 survey of new teachers confirms that Ontario's enhanced teacher education program candidates are heading toward a more welcoming job market than new teachers experienced over the past decade. greets newOCTs

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